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"The Whampoa Military Academy : Modern China's Crucible for Military Talent" Exhibition

 

From 29/8/2014 to 14/1/2015
1/F, Exhibition Gallery,
Dr Sun Yat-sen Museum

Jointly presented by
Leisure and Cultural Services Department
Guangdong Museum of Revolutionary History

Organised by
Dr Sun Yat-sen Museum

The Movement for the Protection of the Constitution and Chen Jiongming's rebellion prompted Dr Sun Yat-sen to realise the importance of building a military academy of the Chinese Nationalist Party so as to establish a regular army. With the assistance from the Soviet Union and the Chinese Communist Party, China's first modern military school, the Army Officers' Academy, was set up in 1924 on Changzhou Island of Huangpu district (formerly Whampoa) in Guangzhou, it was also known as the "Whampoa Military Academy". The academy emphasised both the military and political education. Both the teachers and students of the academy helped unite Guangdong and build a base camp for the revolution in the province; they were also involved in the Northern Expedition and the Anti-Japanese War. They played an important role in shaping the modern Chinese history.

 

Dr Sun was Premier of the Nationalist Party when the Whampoa Military Academy was founded. The establishment and development of the academy was intricately connected to Dr Sun's revolutionary campaigns. The year 2014 marks the 90th anniversary of the founding of the academy; to celebrate this special occasion, we have joined hands with the Guangdong Museum of Revolutionary History to stage an exhibition showcasing 62 sets of relics and historical images to revisit the history of the Whampoa Military Academy and its contribution to the modern Chinese history.


Graduation certificate of Liang Guihua, a peasant cadet of the Army Officers' Academy, 1924.
Graduation certificate of Liang Guihua, a peasant cadet of the Army Officers' Academy, 1924. 
Collection of the Guangdong Museum of Revolutionary History
 
 
Photograph of Dr Sun Yat-sen, Liao Zhongkai, Chiang Kai-shek, and Soong Ching Ling at the opening ceremony of the Whampoa Military Academy, 1924.
Photograph of Dr Sun Yat-sen, Liao Zhongkai, Chiang Kai-shek, and Soong Ching Ling at the opening ceremony of the Whampoa Military Academy, 1924.
Collection of the Guangdong Museum of Revolutionary History
 
Students attending class
Students attending class
Collection of the Guangdong Museum of Revolutionary History
 
 
Graduation sword of Ye Chunxu, a cadet of the Army Officers' Academy, 1941.
Graduation sword of Ye Chunxu, a cadet of the Army Officers' Academy, 1941.
Collection of the Guangdong Museum of Revolutionary History
 
 
Woolen uniform of Li Zhikui, 1925.
Woolen uniform of Li Zhikui, 1925.
Collection of the Guangdong Museum of Revolutionary History